Science fair project ideas are now popular with students. The advance of science has allowed students to create various projects. You can start by doing a very simple experiment like paper cinematography to examine the origin of chemicals.
If you are looking for a fair science project idea, see one of my favorite projects: paper chromatography. Paper chromatography is a very simple way to use chemicals on a piece of paper to help analyze the origin of other chemicals.
Besides that, there is balloons pop project which will take you to the experiment of observing the surface of balloons during its explosions process. It helps you to understand the process of explosions of balloons.
Simply, will lead you into a deeper understanding of how different types of explosions in the weapon as well. And there will be mushrooms or fungi anatomy that will help you understand the inside system of fungi. Let’s check it out!
1. Paper Chromatography Project Idea
This is also one of my favorite science project ideas because it costs less than $20, is absolutely safe, can be done using material that might already be in your home, and only takes a few hours (if any).
Therefore, this is a fairly easy project that is really interesting too! Here’s what you need to know to make your own paper chromatography project. The objective of this experiment is to analyze what ink chemicals are used in permanent markers.
Before you start the experiment, you should know the introduction of what you are going to examine. It is to understand the background of this project; you might want to read a more detailed introduction to the basics of chromatography.
Basically, what you need to know to create an introduction is that chromatography is a chemical experiment that uses the law of attraction to determine what chemicals are included in a particular item.
Chromatography is used to determine the origin of blood stains and drugs regularly in police investigations (again – why this is one of my favorite science project ideas).
Professionals use expensive equipment to analyze sources of stains or certain liquids. However, for this project, you only need a few simple ingredients.
Terms and Concepts
You must understand a number of terms to successfully complete this project. You will also learn more about these terms and concepts as a result of completing this experiment. These terms and concepts include.
Adhesive and cohesive element:
- Capillary action
- Cellular and stationary phases
- Hydrophobic and hydrophilic chemicals
- Solvents and solutions
Questions You Will Find
Before or during your experiment, you will learn the answers to several important questions, including:
- Why don’t all chemicals react the same way when they interact with paper?
- Why do people use chromatography?
- How do compounds react to determine the right chemical type?
Material You Need
Again, this is one of my favorite science project ideas because everything you need may already be in your home. Here’s your list:
- 15 sheets of paper (must be the same size). If you can find laboratory paper or chromatography paper, use the paper. You might also be able to use other types of paper.
- 3 types of black ink markers. One must be permanent.
- Wide mouth needle (this will hold the solvent)
After you collect your ingredients and materials, you are ready to start. Here is a 10-step procedure that you must follow carefully:
- Cut the paper into one inch with a four-inch strip.
- Make a horizontal line on the paper 2 inches from the bottom.
- Pour enough water into your jar so you can hang the paper from the top of the bottle and only the tip of the water touches the paper.
- Using the first of three markets, make a small dot on the phone.
- Label the strip with a pencil to illustrate what the marker is.
- Tape your paper into a pencil and place the pencil on the jar so that the paper hangs into a jar, only slightly touching the water.
- Wait for the paper to absorb water until the water is almost at the top of the paper.
- Mark how far the water rises on paper.
- Measure how far water and ink flow on paper. Calculate the value. Keep in mind that some markers may have immovable ink.
- Repeat five times for all markers.
This is one of the best science project ideas because it helps to show how chromatography works. Be sure to do your own research into chromatography before starting an experiment to have a deep understanding of what you see! I hope you find this science project fair idea useful for your next project.
2. Popping Balloons Project Idea
This one is another interesting and easy project idea is very easy to be done. It is always amazing to witness how balloons are popped through video cams.
Like its title, this project will guide you on how to make an experiment in observing the balloons’ pooped out and the reactions of the fluid inside the balloons.
The Purpose of The Experiment
You will learn how the explosions process in balloons when they are popped with a needle happens. To get the best result of this experiment, you should follow step by step and understand the purpose of the experiment.
This experiment is aimed to find out what happens to the surface of the balloon when it explodes.
- What is the type of scientists that study explosions?
- What does explosions’ good understanding for people to understand the explosions itself?
- Why is it necessary to figure out of the exploding object?
- What kind of explosions that are used to make the explosions work?
The explosion of a balloon is very quick, in a blink of an eye. It is too quickly pops to be successfully observed.
In capturing the moment of its explosion, taking photos and recording videos will help to observe the process. The media captured and recorded will help to gain a better understanding of the explosions.
Even though this phenomenon is not in our daily lives and activities, it is necessarily useful to figure out the process. Studying the explosions is aimed to understand the pyrotechnics or how weapons work in various ways.
Materials You Need to Do This Experiment
- Pack of the needle ( you only need one or two, actually),
- Tripods for your cam recorder or camera,
- A digital camera which able to take multiple pictures in one shot,
- One of your friend to help
Let’s start it! You need to follow the procedures of the experiment below carefully.
- First, you need to set up the camera on the tripod,
- Face the camera lens towards the blank wall, I recommend white, about 10 to 15 feet away.
- Blow up a balloon with air with blower, or if you can blow it yourself.
- Tie the balloon off.
- Hang the balloon on the front camera and tight it up with rope to steady it. Ask your friend to confirm the position of the balloon is in the camera frame.
- Take a needle, and make sure your friend has pressed the recording button on the camera. Pop the balloon with the needle!
- After that, you can start to examine the explosions of the balloon from the video or pictures you take.
- You need to repeat steps 3 to 7 to get valid and credible data. Change types of the balloon and different amounts of air filled in the balloons.
- Additional option: You can do the same experiment from step 3 to 6 with balloons that are filled with different types of air such as helium, water, and shaving cream. The more options you have, the more credible and valid data you get to be observed.
This project is very suitable for any level. Besides, the simple tools and materials required will help you to be more creative in making your own observation.
The simple procedures are also part of the important process that you can combine with other ideas. As it was mentioned earlier, you can experiment on other different types of balloons.
3. Mushroom Anatomy Project Idea
Mushrooms are another name of fungi. Its reproduction is both sexually and asexually. Many types of fungi act as decomposers in the environment. It means fungi can help eliminate unwanted materials in the environment as leaves and animal remains.
Besides that, Fungi are also poisonous and cause disease. That is why sometimes fungi are associated with a negative connotation.
This project idea allows you to figure out how mushrooms or fungi grow and thrive. It also helps you to understand the anatomy system that performs the growing process and how those so-called poisonous fungi’s poison is produced.
Material You Need
In doing this experiment, you will need these materials.
- Mushroom (prepare 3 to five),
- Plastic knife, to cut off the mushroom,
- A sheet of white paper,
- Plastic cups,
- Magnifying lens, to look beyond the skin of its anatomy system.
Follow the following procedure to start the experiment.
- Examine your mushroom carefully. Follow the supplied illustration and identify the parts below:
- Cap, is the head part of fungi. In some species, it may look different one and another. Many types of mushroom or fungi have a different form of a cap. Some other types have large and other else have closed cap form.
- Gills are the bottom part (side part) of the cap. Its function is as spore dispersal, and it has distinctive microscopic features and also macroscopic features as well.
- Scales, it is located down, nearly to the roots and vulva of the fungi. Different types of fungi may have a different position in their parts.
- Stalk, it can be said the stem part of the fungi. This part is featured with rings upwards. Different fungi have a different position for each part, but the stalk is always in the same position.
- Use the plastic knife to cut off the mushroom’s stem that closes to the gills. Be careful of damaging the gills.
- After that, put the mushroom’s cap on the white paper, with the gills facing down. Then, cover it with a plastic cup and leave it for one night (12 hours or more).
- The next day, remove the cup and the mushroom’s cap from the paper carefully. Don’t mess it up!
- Hold the hairspray filled with water. The distance approximately 2 feet above the white paper. Spray the paper gently it aims to preserve the spores that should be falling off the mushroom when you leave it overnight.
- Let it dry for a moment. Use the magnifying lens to examine the spores print. They may be hard to see, you can hold the paper towards the light and you may see the spores easier.
The Project Question Framework
After you do every step in the procedures, it is time for you to analyze parts of the mushroom. In doing the analysis, you should look at the question framework of the project.
The question frameworks are:
- According to your examination on the mushroom, you figured out the spores’ location. Why do you agree that the spores are located where you found them?
- In the procedures step, you covered the mushroom with a cup and left it for one night. What was the aim of covering the mushroom?
The project question framework will lead you to answer the possible problems raised during the experiment. Good luck!
Well, three science fair project ideas above may help you to make a science project as well. The project ideas are addressed for junior high school or higher level. You can actually create your own project by experimenting anything around you.
For example, the photosynthesis process of leaves which requires sunlight to drive their process. Happy experimenting!